Draft Inducer Blowers
A draft inducer blower is used in a furnace setup to move air and gases through a heat exchanger. The part is a motor-driven small blower wheel assembly. Despite the relative simplicity of the part, there are many different styles and variations. In a given setup, the inducer blower has desired carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide levels preselected and associated with a chosen temperature, cultivated from a mixed flow of exhaust fumes and ambient air. While the temperature of the mixed flow is measured, the flow of the ambient air is concurrently controlled, so as to maintain the mixed flow at the desired temperature.
The blower portion of the draft inducer will blow at different speeds to move the mixed air and maintain the desired temperature. These blowers were not necessary on old furnaces. However, once the government mandated furnace efficiency standards beyond what natural convection could handle, the draft inducer was created. This enabled specific control of how much air moved through the heat exchange unit. That, in turn, made it possible to determine BTUs and the AFUE and, thus, the unit's efficiency.
Types Of Draft Inducer Blowers
There are many variables to observe when checking for a replacement blower. These include the vent pipe diameter, voltage, amperage, wattage, horsepower and size of the cutout required for the apparatus. For example, Grainger's 4C731 blower requires a vent pipe between 5 and 8 inches, using 115 volts, .96 amps and 74 watts, while providing 1/20 horsepower. The device fits in a 3 1/8-by-8 5/8-inch cutout. A top-line Grainger model, 4KA74, uses a vent pipe of 6 to 8 inches and the same 115 volts. However, amperage is 1.51, wattage is 224 and 1/4 horsepower. Looking to a different brand, a Fasco Goodman model A289--comparable to the above 4C731 from Grainger--uses 208/230 volts, .75 amps and 1/30 horsepower. So the differences between brands are, while subtle at a given level, clear nonetheless. Outside of the power parameters, features may include a UC1 Interlock Control, fan proving switch, adjustable damper and vibration isolators.
Replacing A Draft Inducer Blower
The first and most important step to any replacement of a furnace part is to turn off all power to the unit. From there, it should be noted that blowers are normally not replaced in parts--meaning, it's not recommended to try and get only the motor out of a blower but rather to replace the entire blower assembly. As such, the replacement process is easy. The blower is mounted directly to the furnace housing. Simply unscrew the unit, remove it and replace.
Who Makes Draft Inducer Blowers?
Companies that make draft inducer blowers include but are not limited to: