12 Creative Ways to Pay for a New Central Air Conditioner
It's the middle of the summer, your central air conditioning system just broke, and your heating contractor -- who apparently hasn't heard about the recession -- just quoted you $7,000 to install a new system. Short of selling off one of the kids you don't have that kind of money. Here are 12 creative sources of money -- loans, grants and Hail Marys -- to help keep you cool this summer.
Get a loan
A new cooling system can be tough to finance, because the amount of money you need is "too big for a credit card, too small for a home loan," said Peter Krajsa, chairman and chief executive officer of AFC First Financial, an Allentown, Pennsylvania company that offers financing for energy-efficient home improvements. Here are 7 ways to borrow the money for your new air conditioner.
1. The company you hire to install your new cooling system may be the quickest source of financing. Kevin Stralo of Quality Air in Quakertown, Pennsylvania said financing approvals for air conditioning clients usually come through in as little as twenty-four hours. Dean Lane of Chas Roberts Air Conditioning and Heating in Phoenix said his clients usually get approved the same day as well, although during the busiest part of the summer response time can be a bit slower. Mr. Stralo said his company only finances new systems, not repairs, but they offer several different kinds of financing. Quality Air, like most cooling system contractors, doesn't loan money directly to customers. Instead, they use a third party financial company. Quality Air offers financing through CitiFinancial or GE Merchant Finance, while Chas Roberts uses American General Financing. Interest rates for these loans are about 13.5-19.5 percent, Mr. Stralo said. Quality Air also offers financing through Home Depot, who often hires Quality Air as a subcontractor to install air conditioning systems for Home Depot customers.
2. But the best financing for Quality Air's Pennsylvania clients comes from AFC First. Mr. Krajsa, the CEO, said their rates for energy-efficient heating and cooling systems are subsidized by the state of Pennsylvania. Customers with annual household incomes below $150,000 can get unsecured loans with a fixed rate of 6.99 percent for ten years as part of a state program called Keystone Home Energy Loan Program, or Keystone HELP. AFC First offers financing in fifteen states in all, "from Virginia to Maine," he said. But because other states don't subsidize the rates, they're much higher than those available in Pennsylvania, around 12 to 13 percent.
3. If you don't live in a state with a special energy efficiency loan program, your cheapest option may be to borrow against the equity in your home. Rates on are often lower than other types of loans because you are using your home to secure the debt, making your loan a lower risk for the lender. In many cases, the interest on home loans is tax-deductible. A home equity loan has a fixed interest rate, while a home equity line of credit (often called a HELOC) has a variable rate. Laura Weiner, a loan officer with Wells Fargo, said interest rates depend on many factors, such as the applicant's credit rating and the amount of equity in his or her house. However, she said a typical interest rate would be 8-9 percent for a home equity loan, and around 4-5 percent for a line of credit in the current market.
The catch is that home loans are taking a long time to close lately because the lenders have tightened their lending standards. "Today, in this market, be prepared for sixty days," Ms. Weiner said. She said people who are qualifying now have good credit, with scores over 720, and low overall debt-to-income ratios.
Another problem with borrowing on your home is that you may not be able to take out a small loan if you only need a few thousand dollars. "For most banks, the minimum is $10,000 to do a HELOC," Ms. Weiner said. Of course, she pointed out that it is possible to open a credit line with a high credit limit, but only use a portion of it. You only pay interest on the amount you actually borrow.
4. Your city government may also be a source of financing. Some cities offer low-interest loans to qualified homeowners for home improvement projects. In Philadelphia, for example, the Philadelphia Home Improvement Loan Program targets lower-income homeowners. If borrowers have incomes below a certain threshold ($85,000 for a family of four), they qualify for a fixed rate of 3 percent, much lower than many other forms of credit. Higher-income homeowners can still qualify for loans under this program, but their interest rates will be 5 percent. Check your city government's website, or call your local utility company to see if they have information about home improvement loans.
5. The Federal government's office of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has a program aimed at encouraging private lenders to provide loans for home improvements. These so-called Title 1 loans are insured by HUD, and their website offers a list of lenders in each state that participate in the program. A loan officer in Miami who asked not to be identified said Title 1 loans can be as much as $25,000, but the borrowers can get smaller loans as well.
6. If you have a friend or relative who is willing to lend you the money to replace your cooling system, you may decide to use a third-party company to formalize the agreement. For $99, Virgin Money will provide loan documents that both of you can sign. For $199, they will also service the loan, collecting monthly payments until the loan is paid off. Interest rates are agreed upon by the borrower and the lender. Even in cases where a relative is willing to loan you money with no interest, it can be worthwhile to formalize the agreement with a written contract. It can prevent miscommunications about the terms of the loan, and Virgin Money's website says a formalized agreement increases the chance of repayment. It is possible to set up a loan with their Handshake Plus program within one business day. For loans over $10,000, the Internal Revenue Service may require that a minimal amount of interest be charged.
Update: in November, 2010, Virgin Money shut down its US website. You can find similar services at:
7. If you must put the cost of the new system on a credit card, look for a balance transfer offer. In many cases, it is possible to get a zero-interest loan for a year. The interest rates may skyrocket at the end of the interest-free period, although recently Congress has been working on restrictions that would protect consumers from overnight interest rate hikes on their credit card debt.
Get a grant
8. There are several avenues of funding that might be able to help you replace a necessary appliance. The Federal Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) helps low-income Americans with heating and cooling expenses. Their main purpose is to give small grants to help you get caught up on your energy bills to avoid having your utilities shut off, but local LIHEAP offices can also help consumers find resources to help pay for the cost of replacing furnaces or air conditioners. The national LIHEAP website will give you contact information for your local office. If you are behind on your utility bills and you have received a shut-off notice from the utility company, LIHEAP funds can be made available within a few days. If no shut-off notice has been sent, it can take up to forty-five days to receive help. Qualification is based on household income, and the income limits vary by state.
9. In addition, some churches and charities offer one-time grants for emergency expenses like replacing an essential appliance. Modest Needs, for example, is designed to help with exactly this kind of situation. However, Modest Needs grants must be less than $1000, and they can't be more than the cost of your monthly mortgage or rent payment. It is possible that a Modest Needs grant could help you repair a broken system, or purchase window air conditioning units, especially if you have a health condition that makes air conditioning essential. If you are part of a church or faith-based organization, you may also want to ask if they offer financial help to community members.
10. If you install an energy-efficient cooling system, you may be eligible to receive state or federal funds that have been earmarked for green home improvements. The Energy Star program, run by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy, offers a list of tax credits that may be available to homeowners who install new energy-efficient systems in their homes, such as the $1500 tax credit included in the economic stimulus package passed by Congress in February of 2009. The Department of Energy's Weatherization Assistance Program may also be a source of funds, or your local utility company may have a program to give grants that help people keep their utilities on. Mr. Krajsa said AFC First also administers a $250 rebate program through Keystone HELP for residents of the state of Pennsylvania who install high-efficiency heating or cooling systems.
If all else fails
11. It may be worth checking to see if there's a local organization for people who want to barter--trade goods and services they have for goods and services they need, with no money changing hands. If you have a skill you can offer in exchange, you may be able to find someone to install a new air conditioning system for you. Check out barter sites like Trade Away. However, it may be hard to find someone with a cooling system to barter. The most you are likely to find is a person who has the skills to install such a system.
12. It may also be possible to find inexpensive or even free window air conditioners on websites like Craigslist or Freecycle, to tide you over while you figure out how to replace your whole-house system.
You have a lot of options. With the recent government emphasis on energy conservation, you have a good chance of getting a tax rebate or credit from the federal or state government if you install a high-efficiency system, and you'll enjoy lower energy bills as a result. If you have time to research the options available in your state, you may be able to get a subsidized low-interest loan. Even if you have to bite the bullet and use a credit card or financing from a big box store, there are many ways to delay your interest payments for 6-12 months, allowing you to pay down the loan before the interest starts building up.
With so many options, you have a good chance of getting a new cooling system installed, even if you don't have the cash on hand to pay for it.