Condenser (Condenser Coil)
Central air conditioning systems have essentially two parts: an evaporator that removes unwanted heat from the air and transfers it to a refrigerant; and an condenser that removes unwanted heat from the refrigerant and transfers that heat outdoors. The primary component of a condenser is typically the condenser coil, through which the refrigerant flows. See this article for more information on condenser fans.
Types of Condensers
There are essentially three types of condensers: air-cooled, water-cooled and evaporative. These types differ in how they remove excess heat:
- Air-cooled condensers remove heat by blowing air over the condenser coil
- Water-cooled condensers remove heat by pouring water over the condenser coil
- Evaporative condensers do not typically use a refrigerant. They remove heat by allowing water to evaporate directly into the air